-- unnecessary; Trade war -- necessary
ERNEST F. HOLLINGS, former U. S. senator
2010 -- To have been editor of the Harvard Law Review and a Professor
of Law, President Obama is a slow learner. By the time President Obama
raised his hand to take the oath of office, President Bush and the Federal
Reserve had increased the debt $7 ½ trillion in eight years and
household debt had increased $7 trillion in the same period. The economy
had been stimulated $14 ½ trillion and we were still losing 799,000
jobs a month. Stimulation was spent. Everybody was saving, not about to
consume. But President Obama stimulated the economy $1.3 trillion last
year and already this year $1.1 trillion. Last month we still lost 125,000
jobs. President Obama proposed stimulation to Congress, which Congress
promptly killed. But off to Canada goes the President, insisting on stimulation.
The rebuff of stimulation by the G-20 countries in Canada has finally
taught the President that stimulation is spent. Stimulation saved China
profits for Wall Street, Goldman Sachs, AIG, and Citicorp - not the economy.
no mystery to the loss of jobs. Princeton economist, Alan Blinder, in
February 2007, long before the recession, estimated that in ten years
the United States would be losing on an average of 300,000 jobs a year
to off-shoring. But President Obama has yet to learn to compete in globalization.
He furiously bails out the economy boat with stimulation but fails to
plug the off-shoring hole in the bottom.
Globalization is nothing more than a trade war with production looking
for a cheaper country to produce. If another country promises more profit,
the industry leaves for that country. I tried to get Andy Grove to expand
Intel in South Carolina, but he went to Dublin, Ireland, for a greater
profit. Then Intel went to China for a greater profit. Now Intel is building
in Vietnam. This means that as long as more profit is promised by a country
like China with government control of its economy and a lesser standard
of living -- investment, research, technology, development, production,
jobs - the economy will continue to drain from the United States. Long
before the recession, South Carolina lost its textile industry, North
Carolina its furniture industry and Michigan its automobile industry.
General Motors knows how to make a profit. They are making a profit and
producing more cars in China than the United States today. But in eight
years under President Bush, GM was subjected to a trillion dollars in
subsidized autos and auto parts. President Bush refused to enforce Section
201 of the Trade Law and GM had to declare bankruptcy. Section 201 allows
the President to impose import quotas or tariffs to protect endangered
production. Now, President Obama also refuses to enforce Section 201,
The War Production Act of 1950 calls on the President to make sure we
have the equipment necessary for the nation's security. Today, the United
States has troops, but not the equipment. Boeing can't produce a fighter
plane without a vital part from India. Sikorsky has to get its tail motor
from Turkey. And now The Wall Street Journal (7/8/10) reports that we
can't continue the war in Afghanistan without Russian helicoptors. We
can't defend the nation's security save the favor of some foreign country.
President Kennedy had hearings to determine textiles were necessary for
the nation's security, and his 7-point program saved the textile industry
in 1961. President Obama can save the textile industry by enforcing the
War Production Act of 1950. But with globalization, it is not necessary
to save the entire industry - just winter wear for the troops, camouflage,
parachute cloth, anti-microbal underwear, inflammable uniforms, composites
for body armor, bladders for bulk fuel, etc. The task is to save enough
of the textile industry so that we have the vital materiel. A measured
enforcement is required to permit globalization to continue and at the
same time protect the nation's vital production.
editor of a law review and professor of law, President Obama has
learned to look to authorities or advisors. There are many things
about President Obama to admire, but his advisors, Secretary of
the Treasury, Timothy Geithner, and economic advisor, Larry Summers,
ought to be put on weekend leave to rest, so the rest of the country
can go to work."
Ernest F. Hollings
trade deficit in 1971 was a fraction of what it is today, President Nixon
imposed a 10% surcharge on imports. A 10% surcharge would start rebuilding
our manufacture and create millions of jobs. Enforcing the "Buy American"
Act would create more jobs.
All countries fight fiercely in the trade war. Germany, Japan, Korea all
have invaded the south with auto production rivaling Detroit. Germany
just announced the production of windmills in Charleston, South Carolina.
Producing parts in Germany and exporting them to Charleston, the 19% VAT
of Germany is rebated at export. Highballing the cost of producing parts
in Germany, the Charleston plant will pay no more than 1% corporate tax.
Shipping parts costs 3%, so German production in Charleston is 15% less
than any domestic production. Germany takes over the clean energy jobs
that President Obama dreams about.
America is uptight -- not about health reform; not about financial reform;
there're uptight about paying their bills and finding a job. Governors,
mayors, all are trying to make ends meet. Rather than trying to make ends
meet in Washington, President Obama appoints a deficit commission to study
deficits. The commission can't report until the end of this year; which
means that Congress cannot act on the commission's recommendation until
next year. Next year's action won't take effect before the following year,
wasting two years on the deficit. Now President Obama appoints another
commission to study and promote exports. President Obama was elected to
act, not study. President Obama was elected to change, lead. If the President
wants to know why he's down in the polls, he does nothing about jobs or
paying down the deficit. He just stays AWOL in the trade war and adds
to the debt.
President Obama could begin to fight in the trade war by calling on Congress
to eliminate the corporate tax and replace it with a 2% VAT. This would
promote exports, eliminate a principal cause of off-shoring jobs, and
provide more revenues. Don't tell me about needing sixty votes to get
it done. Let them vote. Those opposing will be voting against eliminating
"the highest business tax," voting to continue to lose jobs
and voting against more revenues to pay down deficits. At least the President
would show he is trying rather than studying.
We all know that President Bush started the war in Afghanistan, deploying
30,000 troops. President Obama has had a year and a half to stop forcing
a Muslim country to change its culture. Instead, President Obama calls
the war necessary and commits over 100,000 troops. We all want the troops
sacrificing in Afghanistan to feel that Afghanistan is America's war.
But a Gallop poll would show it's no longer America's war. It's definitely
a war of "Obama's choosing."
I helped liberate Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, sixty-seven years ago, which
have yet to opt for democracy. In the Muslim world, more important than
freedom and democracy is tribe and religion. Libya, Egypt, Saudi Arabia,
Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, have
yet to opt for democracy. The nearest to democracy is Turkey, and its
democracy is constantly being restored by the military. I don't know who
thought Afghanistan was looking for democracy.
We tried to force democracy in Vietnam. We called it Vietnamizing Vietnam.
"Build and destroy" in Vietnam has become "make friends
and kill" in Afghanistan. With everyone running around in nightgowns
and beards, GIs are getting killed trying to make friends. For counterinsurgency
to work it takes time, money, and casualties. After nine years in Afghanistan
we've run out of time and money. Earlier this year, we gave up a valley
after five years of trying because we weren't willing to take the casualties.
The lesson of Vietnam is that more were willing to sacrifice their lives
for communism than were willing to sacrifice their lives for democracy.
Everything in Afghanistan is corrupt. Karsai, the President, is corrupt.
The election was corrupt, the warlords are corrupt, the police are corrupt,
the Taliban are corrupt, and we're corrupt. We have been keeping Karsai's
corrupt brother on the CIA payroll. Not only are we corrupt, but we are
the foreigners. The victory cry in Charlie Wilson's war that we won is:
"We're against foreigners." Winning in Afghanistan requires
us to corrupt enough of the enemy to fight for us. Our troops are brave,
but their command has yet to learn the lesson of Vietnam. We shouldn't
be asking General Petraeus to Afghanisize Afghanistan.
Vice President Biden has just exclaimed on TV that the reason for the
July withdrawal date next year is a message for the Afghans to: "Step
up! We cannot want peace and security in Afghanistan more than you want
it." But that's what we've been proving for the last nine years.
A Gallop poll would show a majority of Afghans want us gone. Democracy
must come from within. We violate democracy by trying to force feed democracy
in a Muslim country.
Senator McCain says "victory" will come in Afghanistan when
we "rid the country of Al Qaeda and make sure it cannot return to
stage an attack against our security." 9/11 was not staged in Afghanistan.
Mohamed Atta and his gang staged and trained in the United States to fly
a plane into a building. We've been a democracy for 234 years, and still
can't keep Russians out of the country from plotting against us.
As editor of a law review and professor of law, President Obama has learned
to look to authorities or advisors. There are many things about President
Obama to admire, but his advisors, Secretary of the Treasury, Timothy
Geithner, and economic advisor, Larry Summers, ought to be put on weekend
leave to rest, so the rest of the country can go to work.
of South Carolina served 38 years in the United States Senate, and for
many years was Chairman of the Commerce, Space, Science & Transportation
Committee. He is the author of the recently published book,
Government Work (University of South Carolina Press, 2008).
Ernest F. Hollings. All rights reserved. Contact
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Ernest F. Hollings served
the public for 56 years -- 38 years in the United States Senate and as South
Carolina's governor, lieutenant governor and a member of the S.C. House of
Today, Hollings continues
to be influential in public affairs and offers this Web site as a compendium
of current and past positions on public issues. Learn
more about Fritz Hollings.
Hollings receives French honor
France honored retired
U.S. Sen. Fritz Hollings on in 2013 by awarding him the Legion of Honor for
his World War II service. More.
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